First Aide….

The Canine Medicine Chest
Excerpts Suggested by: Dog Care Companion Books
& Cassiopeia’s Golden Legacy Kennel & Boarding

Veterinarians recommend that people put together a first-aid or medicine chest that is specifically for dogs. You can certainly do this, but most of the time it is not necessary because many medicines that people use work just as well for dogs. Here are the basics you will want to keep on hand:
Activated charcoal for treating poisoning: consult your vet for dosage.
Aloe Vera Lotion- or the whole plant for treating minor burns.
Betadine or another solution for cleaning wounds.
Buffered or coated aspirin for fever or miscellaneous aches and pains: give one quarter of a
325 mg tablet for every 10 pounds of weight, once or twice a day. (Special note: Asprin
Can cause seizures in some dogs if this happens discontinue use)
Epsom salts for cleaning and soaking wounds or sores.
Hydrogen Peroxide (3 percent solution) to induce vomiting, give one tablespoon for every 15-20
Pounds of weight. ( Use ONLY outside results are almost instant!) (Special note: If the
Dog does NOT vomit within 5-10 minutes rush to vets office!)
Over the counter Hydrocortisone cream for treating minor inflammation.
Pepto-Bismol for diarrhea and other digestive complaints: give one teaspoon for every 20
Pounds of weight every four hours.
Saline Solution for flushing grit from the eyes and soothing irritation.
Triple Antibiotic Ointment or cream.
Witch Hazel for soothing minor inflammations as well as insect bites and stings.

My Added Suggestions:

Benedryl- use for bee stings, and other allergic reactions. Also will help with itching, and
Drying out hotspots.
Vet Wrap
Gauze Pads various sizes.
Gauze Roll various sizes
Tweezers- for those splinters you may encounter or other foreign bodies
Rubber Gloves
Tongue Depressors for Splints
Wire cutters/dikes for cutting wire or fish hooks free

The Special Notes above are My additions.

I just got a phone call from a dear friend her rascally dog Colt was just bitten by a milk snake. She wanted to double check if giving benedryl would be a good idea since the swelling is a histamine reaction. The answer was/is yes. With the excessive rains we have been having in this area most of the snakes are heading for high ground, who can blame them?
To give you a heads up “just in case” I am going to share the information I found.
Pet First Aid by Bobbie Mammato, DVM, MPH

Poisonous snake bites:
Startled or frightened snake

Fang marks may or may not be visible, due to dog or cat’s hair
Bleeding puncture wound
Swelling of the bitten area: can be severe and progress for more than a day
Signs of Shock
Breathing Stops
Blood does not clot
Neurological signs such as twitching and drooling

First Aid:
If you suspect a bite by a poisons snake, attempt to identify the snake, but don’t get close enough to get bitten. If you have to kill the snake to protect yourself or your pet, take it with you for identification. Be aware that the fangs of a decapitated sanke head may be venomous for up to 1 1/2 hours.

check the ABC’s of CPR; administer CPR as needed.

check for signs of shock

attempt to keep the animal calm and still. If possible, carry your pet ito the car. Any movement may cause the toxin to spread faster.
put on gloves and wash the wound with water and mild soap. Do not cup open the wound or attempt to suck out the venom! Do not place ice on the area or use a tourniquet! ( depending on the situation, such actions may do more harm than good)

Immediately transport the animal to a veterinary hospital.

For NON- poisons snakes:
This bite may cause an allergic reaction. If your pet is bitten by a non -poisonous snake, treat as you would a puncture wound and watch for allergic reactions. If you are unsure if the snake was poisonous, follow the previous steps!

In case you can not take your pet to the vet or one is too far away I have the following advice:
Years ago a rescue was bitten by a Copperhead during an evening walk on her paw. This dog had major issues with traveling in cars. So, we went online to see what could help. Mega doses of vitamin C, keeping hydrated, and calm. Was the information we found. Did she make it? Yes, lost all the fur on her paw, but made a full recovery and at last contact 5 yrs later doing fantastic! The main thing I remind you. STAY calm!

In case of FISH HOOK injury….
Wire cutters
wound flush- clean water will do until you can get somewhere to flush properly
gauze either rolled or a pad
vet wrap
To remove said hook- cut the hook loose and continue pushing through do not attempt to pull barb back out. If you pull barb out you can cause even more damage. If you are unsure of how to remove the hook- place lots of gauze pads around the injury and vet wrap. Take to a vet immediately. Since most fish hooks are bacteria farms make sure the dogs wound is treated with antibiotics!

Suspected UTI in your dog?
Try this tried and true remedy:
Organic Apple Cider Vinegar – has to be organic regular is not digestible to dogs
Cranberry pills
Week One:
2 Tablespoons of Vinegar 2xs a day- can be added to water or food
2 pills 2 xs a day
Week Two:
1 Tablespoon of Vinegar 2xs a day
1 Pill 2xs a day
Week Three:
1 Tablespoon of Vinegar once a day
1 Pill once a day
Week Four:
1 Tablespoon of Vinegar once a day every OTHER day
1 Pill once a day every OTHER day
Special thanks to the breeder I spoke to 15 yrs ago who gave me this recipe; she had been using it for 30 yrs. I just wish I could remember her name.

Skunk Odor:
If Your Dog Gets Sprayed By A SKUNK!

Here’s what experts recommend to help keep your dog’s hair on, quell the smell, and get him/her on society’s A List as soon as possible.

Wash His Eyes:
Dogs invariably approach skunks face first, which means they usually take a direct hit in the eyes. The spray isn’t toxic, but it can be extremely irritating. It’s important to flush his eyes with an over- the- counter eye wash or saline solution like that used by contact lens wearers. Tap water will do, but saline solution has a better soothing properties. Even if no one in your family wears contact lenses, it’s worth keeping a large bottle of saline handy.
If your dog keeps scratching at his eyes or continues to squint an hour after rinsing, you should call your veterinarian. Dogs can give themselves corneal ulcers by repeatedly trying to wipe out the skunk spray from their eyes.
Neutralize The Spray:
One of the best ways to get rid of the stink is to neutralize it with a solution made by mixing the following items:
2 parts hydrogen peroxide
1 ½ cups of baking soda
2 plus teaspoons of dish washing liquid
1 teaspoon of vanilla
Hydrogen peroxide is one of the ingredients chemists use to neutralize knock down smells
Start by washing your dog with his regular shampoo. It is an good idea to wear latex or rubber gloves to keep the oily spray off of your hands.
After rinsing him well, lather him up again, this time with the homemade shampoo. Work the solution into his coat thoroughly, then rinse off. Skunk spray is extremely potent, so you may need to repeat the homemade baths several times before the stench wanes. Don’t let him dry off. Just rinse him thoroughly, then wash and repeat until the smell is under control.
Give him a club soda bath! Groomers have found club soda a helpful remedy. It is preferable to use it at room temperature or warm it slightly. Apply the soda to your dog’s coat, letting it soak in. Follow up 3 more times. This will give him his shine back.

The Woes of Hotspots
By: Cassiopeia’s Golden Legacy Kennel & Boarding
J. Ellee Neilands

Eventually those of us with long hair breed dogs will be faced with a hotspot. Typically there are three types of hotspots.
Crusty- This type shows up as a crusty mess that hovers over the ‘wound’.
Hide N Seek– This one lurks and grows quickly until the fur covering it comes off in a clump
EWWWWYYY Gooey- This one tends to leak fluids, and smell to no end.

Trim fur away from the affected area. If you have a clipper that is best, if not trim with sharp hair scissors – about 3 inch min away from the wound. Please do not use a knife that tugs and pulls.
WASH– I tend to use antibacterial soap to wash the area- you can either apply directly or use a paper towel or clean wash cloth. RINSE well. You may have to wash a few times to make sure all dirt and debris is removed.
Pat dry! – make sure the area is dry before applying any ointment to the affected area. The micro fiber towels are not a good idea they can ‘stick’ to the wound and just add to the problem.
Ointment– I use an ointment intended for saddle sores on horses. Make sure the label says safe for dogs and cats. Go past the edge of the wound by a half inch minimum. Apply twice daily
Meds – Benadryl or an antihistamine twice a day for a week. Since most hotspots itch, this will stop them from making the situation worse by scratching.
If after 2 days it looks like things are getting worse take to your vet. Antibiotics and steroids may be required.

What causes hotspots- moisture is the only thing everyone can agree on. I have seen dogs give each other hotspots trying to remove burrs or knots from their fur. Even household dogs that only go out to do their business can get them if the fur stays damp.

Paw Injuries
Author: J. Ellee Neilands
Cassiopeia’s Golden Legacy Kennel
Every time I see a bloody paw print I quickly check every paw in the area. Even a slight hesitation to put weight on a paw makes me do an inspection.
Inspection of possible injured paw:
Gently pick up the paw and turn slowly over and look for:
Foreign objects
Where to look:
Between the toes
Side of pad & toes
Toe nails
Blood flow can be massive or just a trickle
Trickle injuries can easily be taken care of at home
Heavy flows could mean sutures
Even the most gentle of pets can bite after a paw injury so take your time and if you are nervous I suggest you hum. Hum? It calms you down and the dog! Sounds crazy I know but it works. It slows your heart rate and that of the dogs. Making the process less scary for both of you.
Use running water if possible to flush any foreign bodies from the wound.
Use an antibacterial soap to gently wash the wound area. RINSE Well.
Gently pat dry to access the extent of damage.

Accessing the Damage:
After cleaning the area you can make an informed evaluation as to how much damage has been done.
A scrape injuring can be anything similar to a hand scrap from falling to actual slicing of a thin layer of flesh off.
Apply ointment to the scraped area, and then put a gauze pad over the area, if it looks tender use two pads. Usually 3×3 pad is best. Then vet wrap the pad in place. Go above the ankle or wrist. If you stop below your dog will quickly shake it off. By time they manage to remove the pad, most of the ointment will have soaked in.
Apply twice a day. If the area swells or looks angry contact your vet. If you feel Heat coming off of the injured area after a day- take immediately to the vet there is an infection.
A slice injury is just as it sounds a slice has been removed from either the pad or toe.
Depending on how much has been sliced off if it looks paper thin, then you can treat at home. Apply ointment to the sliced area, and then put a gauze pad over the area, if it looks tender use two pads. Usually 3×3 pad is best. Then vet wrap the pad in place. Go above the ankle or wrist. If you stop below your dog will quickly shake it off. By time they manage to remove the pad, most of the ointment will have soaked in.
Apply twice a day. If the area swells or looks angry contact your vet. If you feel Heat coming off of the injured area after a day- take immediately to the vet there is an infection.
If the slice is more than paper thin I recommend taking to your vet, you can treat as I have suggested above to tide over until the vet sees the extent of the injury.
Slice with Flap:
This is one of those tough call injuries. Most of the time infection can set in easily. Pre-treat as above and take to your vet. He may want to suture or remove the flap depending on its depth.
If the item is deeply embedded you may want to leave it in the wound. Pack with gauze and vet wrap. Take to your vet.
If it is a sliver of glass be careful removing, if the glass leaves the tiniest bit behind infection can set in. Again Please take to your vet.
Toe Nail Injuries:

Shattered nail:
If only slightly splintered gently removed the rough edges with nail clippers.
In case of bleeding pack with flour. It will form a paste to clog the bleeding. Nontoxic and something you have on hand.
Shattered past the quick and bleeding freely pack with flour, put gauze over it and vet wrap- take to your vet. This type of injury can get easily infected.
Broken nail:
Just a tip missing – pack with flour and monitor.
Past the Quick- pack with flower and wrap with gauze, and contact your vet. Again this type of injury can get easily infected.
Foreign Object:
Most foreign objects should be removed. Porcupine Quills- do not pull out! This will require your dog to be sedated to remove. TAKE to the vet immediately. Infection can and will set in.
Fish hooks- removal requires wire cutters. Do NOT pull back through the barbs can cause major damage. Pack with gauze and take to your vet. Hooks are bacteria farms. If you have to remove the hook due to location- push through, unless the bark is clean through- then cut off and remove.
Glass- tricky item. Remove carefully, and flush. See above for punctures.

Be careful, and hug those pupsters!

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